The Forgotten History of Ancient Navigation

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Navigation has been an important part of human history since the dawn of time. Ancient navigators used a variety of methods to find their way across the seas, and their accomplishments have been largely forgotten by modern society. This article will explore the forgotten history of ancient navigation, from the earliest navigators to the more advanced methods used by the Ancient Greeks and Romans.

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Early Navigation

The earliest navigators relied on the stars, the sun, and the moon to guide their way. They used the stars to determine the direction they were travelling, and the sun and the moon to measure the time of day. Ancient navigators also used landmarks such as mountains, rivers, and coastlines to help them find their way. They could also use the stars to determine their latitude, which allowed them to calculate their distance from home.

The Development of Navigation Instruments

The development of navigation instruments such as the astrolabe and the compass made it easier for navigators to find their way. The astrolabe was an instrument used to measure the angle of the stars in the sky and could be used to determine latitude. The compass was used to determine direction and was first developed in China in the 11th century.

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The Ancient Greeks and Romans

The Ancient Greeks and Romans were the first to use the astrolabe and the compass to navigate the seas. They also developed the first maps and charts to help them find their way. The Ancient Greeks used the stars to measure their latitude, and the Romans used the compass to measure their longitude. The Ancient Greeks and Romans also developed a system of lighthouses to help guide ships at night.

The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration saw the development of more advanced navigation techniques. Navigators used the stars, the sun, and the moon to measure their latitude and longitude. They also used the compass and the astrolabe to determine their direction. The development of the sextant allowed navigators to measure their exact position on the globe. This allowed them to accurately map the world and explore new lands.

The Modern Era

Today, navigation is much easier thanks to modern technology. GPS systems make it possible to pinpoint a precise location, and navigational charts provide detailed information about the seas and oceans. Radars and sonars allow ships to detect obstacles in the water, and satellites provide up-to-date weather information. Despite these advances, the forgotten history of ancient navigation will always remain an important part of our history.