The Hidden History of Ancient Warfare


For centuries, ancient warfare has been a topic of fascination for historians, archaeologists, and students of all ages. Despite its long and brutal history, much of the ancient warfare remains shrouded in mystery. In this blog post, we will explore the hidden history of ancient warfare and uncover some of the secrets of its past.


The Earliest Forms of Ancient Warfare

The earliest forms of warfare date back to the Stone Age, when primitive humans fought with spears and clubs. As humans advanced, so did their weapons and tactics, leading to the invention of the bow and arrow, chariots, and siege engines. This period of ancient warfare was characterized by large-scale battles, with armies numbering in the thousands and battles lasting for days or weeks. The most famous example of this type of warfare is the Battle of Kadesh, fought between the Egyptians and the Hittites in 1274 BC.

The Rise of Professional Armies

As civilizations became larger and more complex, so did their armies. Professional armies became commonplace, with soldiers trained in the use of specific weapons and tactics. By the time of the Classical period, armies had become highly organized, with specialized units such as infantry, cavalry, and artillery. This period of ancient warfare saw the rise of some of the most famous military leaders in history, such as Alexander the Great, Hannibal, and Julius Caesar.


The Decline of Ancient Warfare

The decline of ancient warfare began with the fall of the Roman Empire. With the rise of Christianity, warfare became less common, and the focus shifted to defense rather than offense. This period saw the rise of castles and fortifications, as well as the use of mercenaries to supplement armies. By the Middle Ages, warfare had become a much more organized affair, with the emergence of professional armies and the use of gunpowder.

The Legacy of Ancient Warfare

Despite its long and brutal history, the legacy of ancient warfare has had a lasting impact on modern warfare. Many of the tactics and strategies used by ancient armies are still in use today, such as the use of infantry, cavalry, and artillery. The use of siege engines, such as catapults and trebuchets, has also been adopted by modern armies. Finally, the invention of gunpowder during the Middle Ages changed the face of warfare forever, and its use is still prevalent in modern warfare.


The history of ancient warfare is a fascinating and complex topic, with many secrets still waiting to be uncovered. Despite its long and brutal history, the legacy of ancient warfare has had a lasting impact on modern warfare, and its influence can still be seen today. From the earliest forms of warfare to the decline of ancient warfare, the history of ancient warfare is a story of innovation, courage, and ingenuity.